PSD Windows 7 Assistive Technology Academy … Summer 2012
What is assistive technology?

Assistive technology is technology used by individuals with disabilities in order to perform functions that might otherwise be difficult or impossible. Assistive technology can include mobility devices such as walkers and wheelchairs, as well as hardware, software, and peripherals that assist people with disabilities in accessing computers or other information technologies. For example, people with limited hand function may use a keyboard with large keys or a special mouse to operate a computer, people who are blind may use software that reads text on the screen in a computer-generated voice, people with low vision may use software that enlarges screen content, people who are deaf may use a TTY (text telephone), or people with speech impairments may use a device that speaks out loud as they enter text via a keyboard.
A tremendous variety of assistive technology is available today, providing the opportunity for nearly all people to access information technology (IT). However, an individual's having proper assistive technology is no guarantee of having access. IT accessibility is dependent on accessible design. IT products must be designed and created in ways that allow all users to access them, including those who use assistive technologies.
Accessibility in Windows 7

Ease of Access Center

The Ease of Access Center provides a convenient, centralized place to locate accessibility settings and programs to make your computer easier to use. The Ease of Access Center can be found in the Control Panel by selecting Windows logo key+U and also when logging into Windows.

Get recommendations from the Ease of Access Center

  1. Open Ease of Access Center by clicking the Start button , clicking Control Panel, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking Ease of Access Center.
  2. Click Get recommendations to make your computer easier to use.
Magnifier enlarges different parts of the screen and is part of the Ease of Access Center. To open it quickly, click Start, and then type Magnifier.
    • You can also change the screen resolution, which adjusts the clarity, size, and amount of things that fit on your computer monitor. If you want to have Magnifier at your fingertips, you can pin it to the taskbar. (RC on magnifier and click PIN TO TASKBAR)
      • To exit Magnifier, press the Windows logo key +Esc.
    • There are three Magnifier modes:
      • Full-screen mode. In full-screen mode, your entire screen is magnified. Depending on the size of your screen and the zoom level you choose, you might not be able to see all of the screen at the same time.
      • Lens mode. In lens mode, the area around the mouse pointer is magnified. When you move the mouse pointer, the area of the screen that's magnified moves along with it.
      • Docked mode. In docked mode, only a portion of the screen is magnified, leaving the rest of your desktop unchanged. You can then control which area of the screen is magnified.
    • Full-screen mode and lens mode are only available as part of the Aero experience. If your computer doesn't support Aero, or if you're not using an Aero‌ theme, Magnifier will only work in docked mode.
      • Open Magnifier by clicking the Start button , clicking All Programs, clicking Accessories, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking Magnifier.
      • On the Views menu, click the mode that you want to use.
      • Move the pointer to the part of the screen that you want to magnify.
      • When you're using full-screen mode, you can quickly preview your entire desktop by clicking the Views menu, and then clicking Preview full screen.
      • For a list of keyboard shortcuts that you can use with Magnifier, see Keyboard shortcuts, pg. 18
    • 2. Type without using the keyboard (On-Screen Keyboard)

Instead of relying on the physical keyboard to type and enter data, you can use On-Screen Keyboard. On-Screen Keyboard displays a visual keyboard with all the standard keys. You can select keys using the mouse or another pointing device, or you can use a single key or group of keys to cycle through the keys on the screen.
Click on keys
In clicking mode, you click the on-screen keys to type text.
Hover over keys
In hovering mode, you use a mouse or joystick to point to a key for a predefined period of time, and the selected character is typed automatically.
Scan through keys
In scanning mode, On-Screen Keyboard continually scans the keyboard and highlights areas where you can type keyboard characters by pressing a keyboard shortcut, using a switch input device, or using a device that simulates a mouse click.
  • If you're using either hovering mode or scanning mode and accidently minimize On-Screen Keyboard, you can restore it by pointing to it in the taskbar (for hovering mode) or by pressing the scan key (for scanning mode).
  • If you're using a mouse click to select a key in the Scan through keys mode, the mouse pointer must be located over On-Screen Keyboard.
  • The keyboard layout changes in On-Screen Keyboard depending on the language displayed in the active program.
To set On-Screen Keyboard to use audible clicks__
You can have On-Screen Keyboard make an audible click when a key is pressed.
  • Open On-Screen Keyboard by clicking the Start button , clicking All Programs, clicking Accessories, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking On-Screen Keyboard.
  • Click Options, select the Use click sound check box, and then click OK.
To use a numeric key pad in On-Screen Keyboard__
You can use a numeric key pad to enter numbers with On-Screen Keyboard.
  • Open On-Screen Keyboard by clicking the Start button , clicking All Programs, clicking Accessories, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking On-Screen Keyboard.
  • Click Options, select the Turn on numeric key pad check box, and then click OK.
To enable text prediction in On-Screen Keyboard__
When text prediction is enabled, as you type, On-Screen Keyboard displays a list of words that you might be typing.
  • Open On-Screen Keyboard by clicking the Start button , clicking All Programs, clicking Accessories, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking On-Screen Keyboard.
  • Click Options, select the Use Text Prediction check box, and then click OK.
If you don't want to automatically add a space after you insert a word using text prediction, clear the Insert space after predicted words check box, and then click OK.
  • Text prediction is only available in English, French, Italian, German, and Spanish. To enable text prediction in a specific language, you must first install additional language files for that language.
To install a Language Interface Pack (LIP), double-click the file to open the setup program. To install a language pack, follow these steps:
  • Open Region and Language by clicking the Start button , clicking Control Panel, clicking Clock, Language, and Region, and then clicking Region and Language.
  • Click the Keyboards and Languages tab.
    • The Display language section will be visible only if you have already installed a Language Interface Pack or if your edition of Windows supports a language pack. Language packs are available only in Windows 7 Ultimate and Windows 7 Enterprise.
    • Text prediction isn't included in Windows 7 Home Basic.

§ Under Display language, click Install/uninstall languages, and then follow the steps. If you're prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.


3. Hear text read aloud with Narrator

Windows comes with a basic screen reader called Narrator, which reads text on the screen aloud and describes some events (such as an error message appearing) that happen while you're using the computer.
Narrator is not available in all languages, so if the steps below don't work, Narrator is not available for your language.
  1. To open Narrator click the Start button , and then, in the search box, type Narrator. In the list of results, click Narrator.
  2. Use the keyboard shortcuts in the following table to specify which text you want Narrator to read:
Use this keyboard shortcut

Ctrl+Shift+Enter
Get information about the current item
Ctrl+Shift+Spacebar
Read the entire selected window
Ctrl+Alt+Spacebar
Read the items that are selected in the current window
Insert+Ctrl+G
Read a description of the items that appear next to the currently selected element
Ctrl
Stop Narrator from reading text
Insert+Q
Move the cursor backward to the beginning of any preceding text that has different formatting. For example, the cursor moves from a bold word to the beginning of a non-bold word that precedes it.
Insert+W
Move the cursor to the beginning of any text that follows it that has different formatting. For example, the cursor moves from a bold word to the beginning of a non-bold word that follows it.
Insert+E
Move the cursor back to the beginning of any text that has the same formatting. For example, the cursor moves from the middle of a bold word to the beginning of that word.
Insert+R
Move the cursor to the end of any text that has the same formatting. For example, the cursor moves from the middle of a bold word to the end of that word.
Insert+F2
Select all of the text that has the same formatting as the character at the cursor
Insert+F3
Read the current character
Insert+F4
Read the current word
Insert+F5
Read the current line
Insert+F6
Read the current paragraph
Insert+F7
Read the current page
Insert+F8
Read the current document
The Insert key is used for Narrator commands, so when you press Insert while Narrator is running, you won't be able to insert characters. To use the Insert key to insert characters while Narrator is running, press Insert+I and then the characters you want to add.
Choose which text Narrator reads aloud__
  1. To open Narrator click the Start button , and then, in the search box, type Narrator. In the list of results, click Narrator.
  2. Under Main Narrator Settings, do one or more of the following:
  • To hear what you type, select the Echo User's Keystrokes check box.
  • To hear background events, such as notifications, select the Announce System Messages check box.
  • To hear an announcement when the screen scrolls, select the Announce Scroll Notifications check box.
Change the Narrator voice__
  1. To open Narrator click the Start button , and then, in the search box, type Narrator. In the list of results, click Narrator.
  2. Click Voice Settings, and then make any of the following adjustments:
  • To select a different voice, click the voice you want to use in the Select Voice box.
  • For a faster voice, select a number in the Set Speed list. The higher the number, the faster the voice.
  • For a louder voice, select a number in the Set Volume list. The higher the number, the louder the voice.
  • For a higher-pitched voice, select a number in the Set Pitch list. The higher the number, the higher the pitch. A higher-pitched voice can be easier for some people to hear.
Start Narrator minimized__
  1. To open Narrator click the Start button , and then, in the search box, type Narrator. In the list of results, click Narrator.
  2. Select the Start Narrator Minimized check box.
The next time you start Narrator, it will appear as an icon on the taskbar instead of being open on your screen.
To restore the Narrator dialog box to its full size, click Narrator in the taskbar.
Turn off Narrator__
  1. To open Narrator click the Start button , and then, in the search box, type Narrator. In the list of results, click Narrator.
  2. Click Control whether Narrator starts when I log on.
  3. Clear the Turn on Narrator and Turn on Audio Description check boxes and click Apply.

PersonalizationAdd a personal touch to your computer by changing the computer's colors, sounds, desktop background, screen saver, font size, and user account picture. You can also decide which gadgets to display on your desktop.
To make the following changes: Click the Start button and then click Control Panel.
Desktop background—(also called wallpaper) is a picture or design on the desktop. It provides a backdrop to your open windows.
Colors—You can change the color of windows, window borders, title bars, menus, the desktop, and more. You can change the color of many items on your screen, including windows, window borders, title bars, menus, and the desktop.
  1. Click the Start button and then click Control Panel.
  2. In the search box, type color scheme, and then click Change the color scheme.
  3. Click Advanced.
  4. In the Item list, click the part of Windows where you want to change the color.
  5. In the Color list next to the Item list, click the color you want.
  6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 for each part of Windows where you want to change the color, click OK, and then click OK again.

SoundsYou can change the sound your computer makes when you receive email, start Windows, or shut down your computer. __To change a sound scheme__

  1. Open Sound by clicking the Start button , and then clicking Control Panel. In the search box, type sound, and then click Sound.
  2. Click the Sounds tab.
  3. In the Sound Scheme list, click the sound scheme that you want to use, and then click OK.
Screen saver—A screen saver is a picture or animation that appears on the screen when you haven't used the mouse or keyboard for a specified period of time. Windows includes a variety of screen savers to choose from.

Font sizeYou can make the text, icons, and other items on your screen easier to see by increasing the dots per inch (DPI) scale to make them larger. You can also decrease the DPI scale to make text and other items on your screen smaller, so that more information fits on the screen. To make the text on your screen larger or smaller

  1. Open Screen Resolution by clicking the Start button , clicking Control Panel, and then, under Appearance and Personalization, clicking Adjust screen resolution.
  2. Choose one of the following:
  • Smaller - 100% (default). This keeps text and other items at normal size.
  • Medium - 125%. This sets text and other items to 125% of normal size.
  • Larger - 150%. This sets text and other items to 150% of normal size. This option appears only if your monitor supports a resolution of at least 1200 x 900 pixels.
  1. Click Apply.
User account picture—A user account picture helps identify your account on a computer. The picture is displayed on the Welcome screen and on the Start menu. You can change your user account picture to one of the pictures included with Windows, or you can use your own.

Desktop gadgets—Desktop gadgets are customizable mini-programs that can display continuously updated information, such as headlines or a slide show, without having to open a new window. __To show gadgets on the desktop__

  • Right-click the desktop, point to View, and then click Show desktop gadgets.
Make text on your screen larger or smaller

You can __make the text and other items on your screen, such as icons, easier to see by making them larger__. You can do this without changing the screen resolution of your monitor or laptop screen. This allows you to increase or decrease the size of text and other items on your screen while keeping your monitor or laptop set to its optimal resolution. To make the text on your screen larger or smaller:

  1. Open Screen Resolution by clicking the Start button , clicking Control Panel, and then, under Appearance and Personalization, clicking Adjust screen resolution.
  2. Choose one of the following:
  • Smaller - 100% (default). This keeps text and other items at normal size.
  • Medium - 125%. This sets text and other items to 125% of normal size.
  • Larger - 150%. This sets text and other items to 150% of normal size. This option appears only if your monitor supports a resolution of at least 1200 x 900 pixels.
  1. Click Apply.

Interact with your PC with Speech Recognition
Speech Recognition in Windows 7__ allows you to command your PC with your voice including the capability to dictate into almost any application. You can dictate documents and email and surf the Web by saying what you see. An easy setup process and an interactive tutorial are available to familiarize you with the speech commands and train your computer to better understand you.
What can I do with Speech Recognition?
You can use your voice to control your computer. You can say commands that the computer will respond to, and you can dictate text to the computer.
Before you get started using Windows Speech Recognition, you'll need to connect a microphone to your computer. Once you've got the microphone set up, you can train your computer to better understand you by creating a voice profile that your computer uses to recognize your voice and spoken commands. For information about setting up your microphone, see Set up your microphone for Speech Recognition.
After you've got your microphone and voice profile set up, you can use Speech Recognition to do the following:
  • Control your computer. Speech Recognition listens and responds to your spoken commands. You can use Speech Recognition to run programs and interact with Windows. For more information about the commands you can use with Speech Recognition, see Common commands in Speech Recognition.
  • Dictate and edit text. You can use Speech Recognition to dictate words into word-processing programs or to fill out online forms in a web browser. You can also use Speech Recognition to edit text on your computer. For more information about dictating text, see Dictate text using Speech Recognition.
Speech Recognition is available only in English, French, Spanish, German, Japanese, Simplified Chinese, and Traditional Chinese.

Make the keyboard easier to use
You can use your keyboard to control the mouse and make it easier to type certain key combinations.
You can adjust these settings on the Make the keyboard easier to use page in the Ease of Access Center.
  1. Open the Make the keyboard easier to use page by clicking the Start button , clicking Control Panel, clicking Ease of Access, clicking Ease of Access Center, and then clicking Make the keyboard easier to use.
  2. Select the options that you want to use:
  • Turn on Mouse Keys. This option sets Mouse Keys to run when you log on to Windows. Instead of using the mouse, you can use the arrow keys on your keyboard or the numeric keypad to move the pointer.
  • Turn on Sticky Keys. This option sets Sticky Keys to run when you log on to Windows. Instead of having to press three keys at once (such as when you must press the Ctrl, Alt, and Delete keys together to log on to Windows), you can use one key by turning on Sticky Keys and adjusting the settings. This way, you can press a modifier key and have it remain active until another key is pressed.
  • Turn on Toggle Keys. This option sets Toggle Keys to run when you log on to Windows. Toggle Keys can play an alert each time you press the Caps Lock, Num Lock, or Scroll Lock keys. These alerts can help prevent the frustration of inadvertently pressing a key and not realizing it.
  • Turn on Filter Keys. This option sets Filter Keys to run when you log on to Windows. You can set Windows to ignore keystrokes that occur in rapid succession, or keystrokes that are held down for several seconds unintentionally.
  • Underline keyboard shortcuts and access keys. This option makes keyboard access in dialog boxes easier by highlighting access keys for the controls in them.
  • Prevent windows from being automatically arranged when moved to the edge of the screen. This option prevents windows from automatically resizing and docking along the sides of your screen when you move them there.
Windows Touch
While great for a lot of tasks, using a keyboard and mouse is not always the easiest way to do things. With Windows 7, if you've got a touch-screen monitor, you can just touch your computer screen for a more direct and natural way to work. Use your fingers to scroll, resize windows, play media, and pan and zoom.






Overview of accessibility features in Windows 7

Feature
Description
Ease of Access Center
Provides a centralized location in the Control Panel where you can adjust accessibility settings and programs. You can also get recommendations for settings to make your PC easier to see, hear, and use.
Magnifier
Magnifies the screen or a portion of the screen to make text, images, and objects easier to see.
On-Screen Keyboard
A visual, on-screen keyboard with all the standard keys that you can use instead of a physical keyboard. On-Screen Keyboard also lets you type and enter data with a mouse or other pointing device.
Narrator
Reads aloud on-screen text and describes some events (such as error messages appearing) that happen while you're using the computer.
Speech Recognition
Enables you to interact with your computer using only your voice while maintaining, or even increasing, your productivity.
Change text size
Lets you make text and objects larger and easier to see without losing graphics quality.
Personalization
You can add a personal touch to your computer by changing the computer's theme, color, sounds, desktop background, screen saver, font size, and user account picture. You can also select specific gadgets for your desktop.
Touch
If you've got a touch-screen monitor, you can just touch your computer screen for a more direct and natural way to work. Use your fingers to scroll, resize windows, play media, and pan and zoom.
Keyboard shortcuts
Keyboard combinations of two or more keys that, when pressed, can be used to perform a task that would typically require a mouse or other pointing device. Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to interact with your computer, saving you time and effort.
Sticky Keys
Instead of having to press three keys at once (such as when you must press the CTRL, ALT, and DELETE keys simultaneously to log on to Windows), you can press one key at a time when Sticky Keys is turned on.
Mouse Keys
Instead of using the mouse, you can use the arrow keys on the numeric keypad to move the pointer.
Filter Keys
Ignore keystrokes that occur in rapid succession and keystrokes that are held down for several seconds unintentionally.
Visual Notifications
Replace system sounds with visual cues, such as a flash on the screen, so system alerts are announced with visual notifications instead of sounds.
Captions
Get information via animations and video that some programs use to indicate that activity is happening on your computer.
Learn how to use the accessibility features of Windows 7.
Click on Links below for Windows Tutorials

Make your computer easier to use (Ease of Access Center)

Personalize your computer

Choose a picture for your user account and Start menuMake items on the screen appear bigger (Magnifier)

includes how to:
  • Choose where Magnifier focuses
  • Change the zoom level
  • Set the zoom increment
  • Set the lens size
  • Turn on color inversion for better screen legibility
  • Display the Magnifier toolbar

Type without using the keyboard (On-Screen Keyboard)

includes how to:
  • Change how information is entered into On-Screen Keyboard
  • Set On-Screen Keyboard to use audible clicks
  • Use a numeric keypad in On-Screen Keyboard
  • Enable text prediction in On-Screen Keyboard

Hear text read aloud with Narrator

includes how to:
  • Choose which text Narrator reads aloud
  • Change the Narrator voice
  • Start Narrator minimized

Speech Recognition

includes how to:
Assistive Technology Products for Windows
The following assistive technology companies provide specialty software and hardware products (such as screen readers and specialty keyboards) that provide essential computer access to individuals with significant vision, hearing, dexterity, language or learning needs.
Assistive Technology by Type
Vision Ai Squared BAUM Retec AG Claro Software Dolphin Oceanic Ltd. Enabling Technologies, Inc. Extra Corporation (Japanese) Freedom Scientific gh, LLC GW Micro Low Vision International AB Meridian One Consulting Ltd. Portset Systems Ltd Serotek Skyfish (Japanese) TACK-TILES Braille Systems Techno-Vision Systems Ltd. True Systems (Korean) Thunder Uniplan Co. Ltd. (Japanese) ViewPlus Technologies Hearing PPR Direct, Inc. Speech Acapela Group
Dexterity and Mobility Applied Human Factors Deki Mouse (Japanese) Madentec Ltd. Neil Squire Society Origin Instruments SpeechCom Tobii Technology Learning Academic Software, Inc. Crick Software Design Science Metroplex Voice Computing, Inc. textHelp Language and Communication Gus Communications Tobii Technology ZYGO Additional solutions and suites Fujitsu (Japanese) iansyst Ltd. Qualilife SA TechSmith Corp.
Types of Assistive Technology Products
Assistive technology products are designed to provide additional accessibility to individuals who have physical or cognitive difficulties, impairments, and disabilities. When selecting assistive technology products, it is crucial to find products that are compatible with the computer operating system and programs on the particular computer being used.
Below are descriptions of the various types of assistive technology products that are currently available on the market today. You may also want to use a tool to identify the right type of assistive technology that might be useful.

Descriptions of Assistive Technology Products

Alternative input devices allow individuals to control their computers through means other than a standard keyboard or pointing device. Examples include:
  • Alternative keyboards—featuring larger- or smaller-than-standard keys or keyboards, alternative key configurations, and keyboards for use with one hand.
  • Electronic pointing devices—used to control the cursor on the screen without use of hands. Devices used include ultrasound, infrared beams, eye movements, nerve signals, or brain waves.
  • Sip-and-puff systems—activated by inhaling or exhaling.
  • Wands and sticks—worn on the head, held in the mouth or strapped to the chin and used to press keys on the keyboard
  • Joysticks—manipulated by hand, feet, chin, etc. and used to control the cursor on screen.
  • Trackballs—movable balls on top of a base that can be used to move the cursor on screen.
  • Touch screens—allow direct selection or activation of the computer by touching the screen, making it easier to select an option directly rather than through a mouse movement or keyboard. Touch screens are either built into the computer monitor or can be added onto a computer monitor.
Braille embossers transfer computer generated text into embossed Braille output. Braille translation programs convert text scanned-in or generated via standard word processing programs into Braille, which can be printed on the embosser.
Keyboard filters are typing aids such as word prediction utilities and add-on spelling checkers that reduce the required number of keystrokes. Keyboard filters enable users to quickly access the letters they need and to avoid inadvertently selecting keys they don't want.
Light signaler alerts monitor computer sounds and alert the computer user with light signals. This is useful when a computer user can not hear computer sounds or is not directly in front of the computer screen. As an example, a light can flash alerting the user when a new e-mail message has arrived or a computer command has completed.
On-screen keyboards provide an image of a standard or modified keyboard on the computer screen that allows the user to select keys with a mouse, touch screen, trackball, joystick, switch, or electronic pointing device. On-screen keyboards often have a scanning option that highlights individual keys that can be selected by the user. On-screen keyboards are helpful for individuals who are not able to use a standard keyboard due to dexterity or mobility difficulties.
Reading tools and learning disabilities programs include software and hardware designed to make text-based materials more accessible for people who have difficulty with reading. Options can include scanning, reformatting, navigating, or speaking text out loud. These programs are helpful for those who have difficulty seeing or manipulating conventional print materials; people who are developing new literacy skills or who are learning English as a foreign language; and people who comprehend better when they hear and see text highlighted simultaneously.
Refreshable Braille displays provide tactile output of information represented on the computer screen. A Braille "cell" is composed of a series of dots. The pattern of the dots and various combinations of the cells are used in place of letters. Refreshable Braille displays mechanically lift small rounded plastic or metal pins as needed to form Braille characters. The user reads the Braille letters with his or her fingers, and then, after a line is read, can refresh the display to read the next line.
Screen enlargers, or screen magnifiers, work like a magnifying glass for the computer by enlarging a portion of the screen which can increase legibility and make it easier to see items on the computer. Some screen enlargers allow a person to zoom in and out on a particular area of the screen.
Screen readers are used to verbalize, or "speak," everything on the screen including text, graphics, control buttons, and menus into a computerized voice that is spoken aloud. In essence, a screen reader transforms a graphic user interface (GUI) into an audio interface. Screen readers are essential for computer users who are blind.
Speech recognition or voice recognition programs, allow people to give commands and enter data using their voices rather than a mouse or keyboard. Voice recognition systems use a microphone attached to the computer, which can be used to create text documents such as letters or e-mail messages, browse the Internet, and navigate among applications and menus by voice.
Text-to-Speech (TTS) or speech synthesizers receive information going to the screen in the form of letters, numbers, and punctuation marks, and then "speak" it out loud in a computerized voice. Using speech synthesizers allows computer users who are blind or who have learning difficulties to hear what they are typing and also provide a spoken voice for individuals who can not communicate orally, but can communicate their thoughts through typing.
Talking and large-print word processors are software programs that use speech synthesizers to provide auditory feedback of what is typed. Large-print word processors allow the user to view everything in large text without added screen enlargement.
TTY/TDD conversion modems are connected between computers and telephones to allow an individual to type a message on a computer and send it to a TTY/TDD telephone or other Baudot equipped device.

KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS

Keyboard shortcuts are combinations of two or more keys that, when pressed, can be used to perform a task that would typically require a mouse or other pointing device. Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to interact with your computer, saving you time and effort as you work with Windows and other programs.
Most programs also provide accelerator keys that can make it easier to work with menus and other commands. Check the menus of programs for accelerator keys. If a letter is underlined in a menu, that usually means that pressing the Alt key in combination with the underlined key will have the same effect as clicking that menu item.
Pressing the Alt key in some programs, such as Paint and WordPad, shows commands that are labeled with additional keys that you can press to use them.
You can also create new keyboard shortcuts to open programs.

Ease of Access keyboard shortcuts

The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that can help make your computer easier to use.
Press this key
To do this
Right Shift for eight seconds
Turn Filter Keys on and off
Left Alt+Left Shift+PrtScn (or PrtScn)
Turn High Contrast on or off
Left Alt+Left Shift+Num Lock
Turn Mouse Keys on or off
Shift five times
Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Num Lock for five seconds
Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Windows logo key +U
Open the Ease of Access Center
General keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains general keyboard shortcuts.
Press this key
To do this
F1
Display Help
Ctrl+C (or Ctrl+Insert)
Copy the selected item
Ctrl+X
Cut the selected item
Ctrl+V (or Shift+Insert)
Paste the selected item
Ctrl+Z
Undo an action
Ctrl+Y
Redo an action
Delete (or Ctrl+D)
Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
Shift+Delete
Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
F2
Rename the selected item
Ctrl+Right Arrow
Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Ctrl+Left Arrow
Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Ctrl+Down Arrow
Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Ctrl+Up Arrow
Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl+Shift with an arrow key
Select a block of text
Shift with any arrow key
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document
Ctrl with any arrow key+Spacebar
Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
Ctrl+A
Select all items in a document or window
F3
Search for a file or folder
Alt+Enter
Display properties for the selected item
Alt+F4
Close the active item, or exit the active program
Alt+Spacebar
Open the shortcut menu for the active window
Ctrl+F4
Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
Alt+Tab
Switch between open items
Ctrl+Alt+Tab
Use the arrow keys to switch between open items
Ctrl+Mouse scroll wheel
Change the size of icons on the desktop
Windows logo key +Tab
Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Ctrl+Windows logo key +Tab
Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Alt+Esc
Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
F6
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
F4
Display the address bar list in Windows Explorer
Shift+F10
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
Ctrl+Esc
Open the Start menu
Alt+underlined letter
Display the corresponding menu
Alt+underlined letter
Perform the menu command (or other underlined command)
F10
Activate the menu bar in the active program
Right Arrow
Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
Left Arrow
Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
F5 (or Ctrl+R)
Refresh the active window
Alt+Up Arrow
View the folder one level up in Windows Explorer
Esc
Cancel the current task
Ctrl+Shift+Esc
Open Task Manager
Shift when you insert a CD
Prevent the CD from automatically playing
Left Alt+Shift
Switch the input language when multiple input languages are enabled
Ctrl+Shift
Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are enabled
Right or Left Ctrl+Shift
Change the reading direction of text in right-to-left reading languages
Dialog box keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for use in dialog boxes.
Press this key
To do this
Ctrl+Tab
Move forward through tabs
Ctrl+Shift+Tab
Move back through tabs
Tab
Move forward through options
Shift+Tab
Move back through options
Alt+underlined letter
Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter
Enter
Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands
Spacebar
Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Arrow keys
Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
F1
Display Help
F4
Display the items in the active list
Backspace
Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
Windows logo key keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that use the Windows logo key .
Press this key
To do this
Windows logo key
Open or close the Start menu.
Windows logo key +Pause
Display the System Properties dialog box.
Windows logo key +D
Display the desktop.
Windows logo key +M
Minimize all windows.
Windows logo key +Shift+M
Restore minimized windows to the desktop.
Windows logo key +E
Open Computer.
Windows logo key +F
Search for a file or folder.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +F
Search for computers (if you're on a network).
Windows logo key +L
Lock your computer or switch users.
Windows logo key +R
Open the Run dialog box.
Windows logo key +T
Cycle through programs on the taskbar.
Windows logo key +number
Start the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number. If the program is already running, switch to that program.
Shift+Windows logo key +number
Start a new instance of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +number
Switch to the last active window of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Alt+Windows logo key +number
Open the Jump List for the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Windows logo key +Tab
Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +Tab
Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D.
Ctrl+Windows logo key +B
Switch to the program that displayed a message in the notification area.
Windows logo key +Spacebar
Preview the desktop.
Windows logo key +Up Arrow
Maximize the window.
Windows logo key +Left Arrow
Maximize the window to the left side of the screen.
Windows logo key +Right Arrow
Maximize the window to the right side of the screen.
Windows logo key +Down Arrow
Minimize the window.
Windows logo key +Home
Minimize all but the active window.
Windows logo key +Shift+Up Arrow
Stretch the window to the top and bottom of the screen.
Windows logo key +Shift+Left Arrow or Right Arrow
Move a window from one monitor to another.
Windows logo key +P
Choose a presentation display mode.
Windows logo key +G
Cycle through gadgets.
Windows logo key +U
Open Ease of Access Center.
Windows logo key +X
Open Windows Mobility Center.
Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Explorer windows or folders.
Press this key
To do this
Ctrl+N
Open a new window
Ctrl+W
Close the current window
Ctrl+Shift+N
Create a new folder
End
Display the bottom of the active window
Home
Display the top of the active window
F11
Maximize or minimize the active window
Ctrl+Period (.)
Rotate a picture clockwise
Ctrl+Comma (,)
Rotate a picture counter-clockwise
Num Lock+Asterisk (*) on numeric keypad
Display all subfolders under the selected folder
Num Lock+Plus Sign (+) on numeric keypad
Display the contents of the selected folder
Num Lock+Minus Sign (-) on numeric keypad
Collapse the selected folder
Left Arrow
Collapse the current selection (if it's expanded), or select the parent folder
Alt+Enter
Open the Properties dialog box for the selected item
Alt+P
Display the preview pane
Alt+Left Arrow
View the previous folder
Backspace
View the previous folder
Right Arrow
Display the current selection (if it's collapsed), or select the first subfolder
Alt+Right Arrow
View the next folder
Alt+Up Arrow
View the parent folder
Ctrl+Shift+E
Display all folders above the selected folder
Ctrl+Mouse scroll wheel
Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
Alt+D
Select the address bar
Ctrl+E
Select the search box
Ctrl+F
Select the search box
Taskbar keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with items on the taskbar.
Press this key
To do this
Shift+Click on a taskbar button
Open a program or quickly open another instance of a program
Ctrl+Shift+Click on a taskbar button
Open a program as an administrator
Shift+Right-click on a taskbar button
Show the window menu for the program
Shift+Right-click on a grouped taskbar button
Show the window menu for the group
Ctrl+Click on a grouped taskbar button
Cycle through the windows of the group
Magnifier keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Magnifier.
Press this key
To do this
Windows logo key + Plus Sign (+) or Minus Sign (-)
Zoom in or out
Ctrl+Alt+Spacebar
Preview the desktop in full-screen mode
Ctrl+Alt+F
Switch to full-screen mode
Ctrl+Alt+L
Switch to lens mode
Ctrl+Alt+D
Switch to docked mode
Ctrl+Alt+I
Invert colors
Ctrl+Alt+arrow keys
Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
Ctrl+Alt+R
Resize the lens
Windows logo key + Esc
Exit Magnifier
Remote Desktop Connection keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Remote Desktop Connection.
Press this key
To do this
Alt+Page Up
Move between programs from left to right.
Alt+Page Down
Move between programs from right to left.
Alt+Insert
Cycle through programs in the order that they were started in.
Alt+Home
Display the Start menu.
Ctrl+Alt+Break
Switch between a window and full screen.
Ctrl+Alt+End
Display the Windows Security dialog box.
Alt+Delete
Display the system menu.
Ctrl+Alt+Minus Sign (-) on the numeric keypad
Place a copy of the active window, within the client, on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing Alt+PrtScn on a local computer).
Ctrl+Alt+Plus Sign (+) on the numeric keypad
Place a copy of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing PrtScn on a local computer).
Ctrl+Alt+Right Arrow
“Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
Ctrl+Alt+Left Arrow
“Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
Ctrl+Alt+Break and Ctrl+Alt+End are available in all Remote Desktop sessions, even when you've set up the remote computer to recognize Windows keyboard shortcuts.
Paint keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Paint.
Press this key
To do this
Ctrl+N
Create a new picture
Ctrl+O
Open an existing picture
Ctrl+S
Save changes to a picture
F12
Save the picture as a new file
Ctrl+P
Print a picture
Alt+F4
Close a picture and its Paint window
Ctrl+Z
Undo a change
Ctrl+Y
Redo a change
Ctrl+A
Select the entire picture
Ctrl+X
Cut a selection
Ctrl+C
Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+V
Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Right Arrow
Move the selection or active shape right by one pixel
Left Arrow
Move the selection or active shape left by one pixel
Down Arrow
Move the selection or active shape down by one pixel
Up Arrow
Move the selection or active shape up by one pixel
Esc
Cancel a selection
Delete
Delete a selection
Ctrl+B
Bold selected text
Ctrl++
Increase the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl+-
Decrease the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Ctrl+I
Italicize selected text
Ctrl+U
Underline selected text
Ctrl+E
Open the Properties dialog box
Ctrl+W
Open the Resize and Skew dialog box
Ctrl+Page Up
Zoom in
Ctrl+Page Down
Zoom out
F11
View a picture in full-screen mode
Ctrl+R
Show or hide the ruler
Ctrl+G
Show or hide gridlines
F10 or Alt
Display keytips
Shift+F10
Show the current shortcut menu
F1
Open Paint Help
WordPad keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with WordPad.
Press this key
To do this
Ctrl+N
Create a new document
Ctrl+O
Open an existing document
Ctrl+S
Save changes to a document
F12
Save the document as a new file
Ctrl+P
Print a document
Alt+F4
Close WordPad
Ctrl+Z
Undo a change
Ctrl+Y
Redo a change
Ctrl+A
Select the entire document
Ctrl+X
Cut a selection
Ctrl+C
Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+V
Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Ctrl+B
Make selected text bold
Ctrl+I
Italicize selected text
Ctrl+U
Underline selected text
Ctrl+=
Make selected text subscript
Ctrl+Shift+=
Make selected text superscript
Ctrl+L
Align text left
Ctrl+E
Align text center
Ctrl+R
Align text right
Ctrl+J
Justify text
Ctrl+1
Set single line spacing
Ctrl+2
Set double line spacing
Ctrl+5
Set line spacing to 1.5
Ctrl+Shift+>
Increase the font size
Ctrl+Shift+<
Decrease the font size
Ctrl+Shift+A
Change characters to all capitals
Ctrl+Shift+L
Change the bullet style
Ctrl+D
Insert a Microsoft Paint drawing
Ctrl+F
Find text in a document
F3
Find the next instance of the text in the Find dialog box
Ctrl+H
Replace text in a document
Ctrl+Left Arrow
Move the cursor one word to the left
Ctrl+Right Arrow
Move the cursor one word to the right
Ctrl+Up Arrow
Move the cursor to the line above
Ctrl+Down Arrow
Move the cursor to the line below
Ctrl+Home
Move to the beginning of the document
Ctrl+End
Move to the end of the document
Ctrl+Page Up
Move up one page
Ctrl+Page Down
Move down one page
Ctrl+Delete
Delete the next word
F10
Display keytips
Shift+F10
Show the current shortcut menu
F1
Open WordPad Help
Calculator keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Calculator.
Press this key
To do this
Alt+1
Switch to Standard mode
Alt+2
Switch to Scientific mode
Alt+3
Switch to Programmer mode
Alt+4
Switch to Statistics mode
Ctrl+E
Open date calculations
Ctrl+H
Turn calculation history on or off
Ctrl+U
Open unit conversion
Alt+C
Calculate or solve date calculations and worksheets
F1
Open Calculator Help
Ctrl+Q
Press the M- button
Ctrl+P
Press the M+ button
Ctrl+M
Press the MS button
Ctrl+R
Press the MR button
Ctrl+L
Press the MC button
%
Press the % button
F9
Press the +/– button
/
Press the / button
*
Press the * button
+
Press the + button
-
Press the – button
R
Press the 1/× button
@
Press the square root button
0-9
Press the number buttons (0-9)

Press the button
.
Press the . (decimal point) button
Backspace
Press the backspace button
Esc
Press the C button
Del
Press the CE button
Ctrl+Shift+D
Clear the calculation history
F2
Edit the calculation history
Up Arrow key
Navigate up in the calculation history
Down Arrow key
Navigate down in the calculation history
Esc
Cancel editing the calculation history
Enter
Recalculate the calculation history after editing
F3
Select Degrees in Scientific mode
F4
Select Radians in Scientific mode
F5
Select Grads in Scientific mode
I
Press the Inv button in Scientific mode
D
Press the Mod button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+S
Press the sinh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+O
Press the cosh button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+T
Press the tanh button in Scientific mode
(
Press the ( button in Scientific mode
)
Press the ) button in Scientific mode
N
Press the ln button in Scientific mode
;
Press the Int button in Scientific mode
S
Press the sin button in Scientific mode
O
Press the cos button in Scientific mode
T
Press the tan button in Scientific mode
M
Press the dms button in Scientific mode
P
Press the pi button in Scientific mode
V
Press the F-E button in Scientific mode
X
Press the Exp button in Scientific mode
Q
Press the x^2 button in Scientific mode
Y
Press the x^y button in Scientific mode
#
Press the x^3 button in Scientific mode
L
Press the log button in Scientific mode
!
Press the n! button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+Y
Press the y√x button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+B
Press the 3√x button in Scientific mode
Ctrl+G
Press the 10x button in Scientific mode
F5
Select Hex in Programmer mode
F6
Select Dec in Programmer mode
F7
Select Oct in Programmer mode
F8
Select Bin in Programmer mode
F12
Select Qword in Programmer mode
F2
Select Dword in Programmer mode
F3
Select Word in Programmer mode
F4
Select Byte in Programmer mode
K
Press the RoR button in Programmer mode
J
Press the RoL button in Programmer mode
<
Press the Lsh button in Programmer mode
>
Press the Rsh button in Programmer mode
%
Press the Mod button in Programmer mode
(
Press the ( button in Programmer mode
)
Press the ) button in Programmer mode
|
Press the Or button in Programmer mode
^
Press the Xor button in Programmer mode
~
Press the Not button in Programmer mode
&
Press the And button in Programmer mode
A-F
Press the A-F buttons in Programmer mode
Spacebar
Toggles the bit value in Programmer mode
A
Press the Average button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+A
Press the Average Sq button in Statistics mode
S
Press the Sum button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+S
Press the Sum Sq button in Statistics mode
T
Press the S.D. button in Statistics mode
Ctrl+T
Press the Inv S.D. button in Statistics mode
D
Press the CAD button in Statistics mode
Windows Journal keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Journal.
Press this key
To do this
Ctrl+N
Start a new note
Ctrl+O
Open a recently used note
Ctrl+S
Save changes to a note
Ctrl+Shift+V
Move a note to a specific folder
Ctrl+P
Print a note
Alt+F4
Close a note and its Journal window
Ctrl+Z
Undo a change
Ctrl+Y
Redo a change
Ctrl+A
Select all items on a page
Ctrl+X
Cut a selection
Ctrl+C
Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Ctrl+V
Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Esc
Cancel a selection
Delete
Delete a selection
Ctrl+F
Start a basic find
Ctrl+G
Go to a page
F5
Refresh find results
F5
Refresh the note list
F6
Toggle between a note list and a note
Ctrl+Shift+C
Display a shortcut menu for column headings in a note list
F11
View a note in full-screen mode
F1
Open Journal Help
Windows Help viewer keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Help viewer.
Press this key
To do this
Alt+C
Display the Table of Contents
Alt+N
Display the Connection Settings menu
F10
Display the Options menu
Alt+Left Arrow
Move back to the previously viewed topic
Alt+Right Arrow
Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic
Alt+A
Display the customer support page
Alt+Home
Display the Help and Support home page
Home
Move to the beginning of a topic
End
Move to the end of a topic
Ctrl+F
Search the current topic
Ctrl+P
Print a topic
F3
Move the cursor to the search box

[i]


[i] http://www.microsoft.com/enable/default.aspx July 19, 2012